Types of Turbine control: top three

Types of Turbine control: top three

Many types of turbine control are well-used all over the world. However, the following are some common types of turbines we use:

Gas Turbine

A gas turbine control system is an engine type that transforms the fuel’s chemical energy into mechanical energy. People use these in different industries all over the world. However, this turbine is a type of I.C. engine. These gas turbines are also famous as jet engines. Moreover, an upstream rotary compressor is with the downstream turbine and a combustor between the two.

A gas turbine system has the same principle of working as a steam power plant; besides, air uses instead of water. Therefore, fresh air flows through its compressor and reaches higher pressures. The combustion then generates a hot stream by injecting fuel into the upcoming air and igniting the air to add energy. Moreover, this high-pressure, high-temperature gas goes into the turbine control and expands with the finished pressure inside the turbine, generating shaft work.

This crankshaft’s work uses to power other devices that can be together to the shaft, like an electrical generator and compressor. However, exhaust gases are at a high velocity or temperature as the energy not used to do the shaft work is free from the exhaust gases.

The gas turbine control aims to identify the design to maximize the ideal form of energy. This turbine types power tanks, ships, generators, trains, and planes.

People use gas turbines in aircraft to generate thrust. However, the types of gas turbines are below.

  1. Turboshaft engines
  2. Turboprop engines
  3. Radial gas turbines
  4. Aeroderivative gas turbines

Steam Turbines

It is a machine that gets thermal energy from compressed steam and transforms it into mechanical energy. Therefore, this mechanical energy uses to revolve the output shaft. These turbines are particularly appropriate to drive the generators. Steam turbine controls use steam as a working fluid. As the hot gaseous steam passes through the turbine’s rotating blades, the steam expands and cools, releasing the top part of the energy it comprises.

The steam turbine control system has three parts: low, medium, and high. However, the first part is the high-pressure part, which contains two horizontally divided sleeves. As a result, the inner space gets arranged inside, fixed along its axis, and the outer housing has an enlarged area in all directions. Another part is the medium-low pressure part, with three sections divided horizontally and perpendicularly. Moreover, the middle housing has sleeves on which the first and second low-pressure heaters ride. Finally, the accommodations have keys, and the axial fastening point is in the middle of the low-pressure housing. 

Wind Turbines

These turbine system types generate electricity by driving a natural wind generator. In producing electricity from this method, the high-speed wind strikes the turbine control blades, which start rotating. The revolution of these blades helps to rotate the shaft of the generator. However, this shaft rotates the generator’s coil because of the electricity produced. 

The wind is a natural and hygienic source of energy. However, this electricity generation process produces no emissions and is continuously refilled with solar energy, never to run out. Wind turbine systems are a natural evolution of traditional windmills in several ways, but now they typically have three blades rotating about their tower’s horizontal or vertical axis.

The wind turbine control uses a layer of air to create a lifting reaction of the running fluid and transmission it to the rotor. Moreover, it can extract energy from the wind by bouncing it at a particular angle. Moreover, multi-stage types can use reaction blades or high-pressure instinct blades.



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